About Sikkim

Sikkim also known as Shikim or Su Khyim; is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains. The state borders Nepal to the west, China's Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan to the east. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.

Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. It is the least populous state in India, and the second smallest in area after Goa. Sikkim was an independent state ruled by the Namgyal monarchy, but following administrative problems and the public's sentiment for union with India, a referendum was held in 1975 in which the people of Sikkim chose union with India. Also in 1975, the referendum brought about an end to the absolute monarchy and ushered in a democratic government within the Constitution of India. The thumb-shaped state borders Nepal in the west, the Chinese Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan in the south-east. The Indian state of West Bengal borders Sikkim to its south. The official languages are English, Bhutia, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu, and Hindi. The language of almost all written transactions is English. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Gangtok is the capital and largest town.

Despite its tiny size, Sikkim is geographically diverse, owing to its location on the Himalaya. The climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine. Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak, is located in the north western part of the state on the boundary with Nepal, and can be seen from most parts of the state. Sikkim has become one of India's most visited states, owing to its reputation of cleanliness, scenic beauty and political stability.


Area �7096 sq. Kms
Capital Gangtok
Altitude 5,840 ft
Population 5,40,493
Summer Max- 21�C
Min - 13�C
Winter Max -13�C
Min - 0.48�C
Rainfall 325 cm per annum
Best Season March - May
October- December
Clothing Summer - Light Woolens
Winter- Heavy Woolens
Location Approx. 27 deg. North 88 Deg. East
Capital Gangtok
District, Areas and District Capitals East District (954 sq.km.) - Gangtok
West District (1166 sq.km) - Gyalshing
South District (750 sq.km) - Namchi
North District (4226 sq.km.)- Mangan
No. of Sub-Divisions�
9 (Gangtok, Pakyong, Rongli, Namchi, Soreng, Gyalshing, Rabongla, Mangan, Chungthang)
Climate Tropical, Temperate and Alpine
No. of Zilla Panchayat Ward 94
No. of Gram Panchayat 163 Units;
No. of Revenue Blocks 452
Other Important towns
Jorethang, Singtam, Rangpo, Pakyong, Rhenock, Melli, Chungthang and Soreng
Languages Spoken Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo, Magar, Rai, Gurung, Sherpa, Tamang, Newari.
Main occupations
Farmers, Cardamom Growers, Government Contractors and Government Employees.
Per Capita Income Rs. 34821/- (2006-07, at current prices)*
Gross Domestic product Rs.2040.49 Crores (2006-07, at current prices)*
Religions Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity
Distance from Siliguri 114 Km
Distance from New Jalpaiguri 125 Km
State Day (the Day Sikkim became a Part of India) 16th May 1975
State Animal Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)
State Bird Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)
State Flower Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile)
State Tree
Rhododendron �(Rhododendron niveum)
No. of Assembly seats 32
No. of Lok Sabha seats 1
No. of Rajya Sabha 1
Educational Institutions in the State a) Government Colleges 8
b) Central University 1
c) Medical College 1
d) Engineering College 1
e) Poly technique Institutes 2
f) Other Technical Institutes 1
No. of Hospitals
6 including Sir Thutob Namgyal Memorial and Manipal Referral Hospitals


For more detail information on Sikkim please log on to: http://sikkimtourism.gov.in/